Developer, IT business analyst , Software programmer, Network engineer, ...

IT professionals find a place everywhere, and it is not without a reason. Every sector is influenced by the information technology professionals. IT has revolutionized the world and made life easier for everyone. Computers have gone places, and this makes the presence of IT professionals inevitable in every sector. They take care of design, support and also maintain the hardware and software of the computers. As Information Technology benefitted various sectors, it can also be seen that the professionals in this sector can find multiple opportunities.
 
There are two types of IT sector jobs – hardware and software. There are broader classifications but fall into these 2 basic categories. The professionals who take care of the coding and programming, webpage creation etc. are the software professionals. The hardware engineers take care of the physical structure and network issues. Manufacturing, maintenance, R&D and management are the responsibilities of the people in the hardware niche. Software support, testing and development are other responsibilities of the software professionals. As an IT professional, one can work in software and hardware firms, banks, schools, colleges and even take up teaching. With the advent of various software in the field of medicine, and the use of computers for the efficient functioning of hospitals, IT professionals can find a place in the medical industry too.
 
They can gain job opportunities in the niches of networking, web designing, SEO, gaming, programming, testing, security, technical writing, e-commerce and more. With a myriad of job sectors available for the professionals with graduation in IT and Technology, it is no wonder many prefer to opt for these courses. Thousands of colleges offer engineering degrees across the nation for these disciplines. However, professionals from reputed institutions enjoy more benefits.
 
What happens to the ones who step out with an engineering degree in IT and technology? After graduation, he or she undergoes training in any of the industries, if hired. Then he or she might be designated to different jobs. The advantage of the IT sector is that many people get the opportunity of working abroad as well.

 
The popular job options in the IT sector:
 
  • Database Administration:
Organizing and managing the database is the task here. The database has to be run efficiently, and it should also be stored in a safe and secured manner. The educational qualification required to work in this niche is a bachelor’s degree in MIS or being a computer and IT engineer is also a way to get into this domain.
 
  • Software Development:
A degree in computer science is the basic qualification to enter into the domain of software development. A software developer works with programming professionals. They work on building systems. In a few cases, in the field of software development, people with a degree in mathematics are also preferred.
 
  • Web Development:
The programming task to meet the needs of the clients is done by the professionals in the domain of web development. They deal with the various programming languages and work with various operating systems. Education in the background of computer science, and other programming skills help one enter into this domain.
 
  • Computer System Analysis:
The computer procedures and systems are analysed by computer system analysts. They design and revamp the organization for efficient and smooth functioning. The key requirement is an ability to understand the business and being adept in programming. They need to analyse the IT-related needs, and often the computer system analysts are from computer backgrounds.
 
  • Mobile App Development:
Creating new apps for mobile users is the role of the professionals in the mobile app development domain. The users should feel it easy to navigate and use the site in the mobile version. These professionals are much sought after, as there are requirements from many, for instance, banks, schools, colleges, marketing firms, advertising companies and a lot more.
 
  • Market Research Analyst:
Market research analysts let businesses know what people want to buy. They collect data, categorize, and make reports. This is one of the growing industries, and there is a bright future for those who are getting trained in this niche.
 
  • Information Security Analyst:
Maintaining the security of the data and computer systems of the organization is the job of these professionals. They need to prevent security breaches which can be a threat to the entire business and its customers as well. They train new staff on maintaining the security of data pertaining to the workplace and suggest improvements to stay safe.
 
Skills required to be a good IT and technology professional:
 
  • Engineering degree- You need to hold an engineering degree in the relevant discipline. For instance, a computer background is mandatory for software and web development domains. At times, a master’s in mathematics too helps. You can also be an IT engineer; but, with added certifications in software or hardware, you can enjoy a higher credibility when looking for a job.
  • Logical thinking and analytical skills help these professionals to be strong.
  • Programming languages keep coming, and identifying what you need to be equipped with for the future, helps to grab better opportunities. One must constantly keep on learning new things in this field.
  • Tenacity- in the IT sector, it is vital that you prove your mettle when trusted with a difficult task. You need to keep evolving and growing.
  • Database management
  • Network configuration
  • Technical writing
  • Hardware deployment
  • Time management and organizational skills
  • Resourcefulness
  • Teamwork
  • Project management
  • Creativity
  • Collaboration
  • Effective communication
  • Knowledge of operating system
     
Ability to work under pressure is also a skill that people in this field must have. There can be numerous tasks at one go. Your task of taking care of the project, attending calls, taking feedback from clients and handling emails can be frustrating. You must know how to manage them together. Only if you can take up these challenges, you can grow immensely.
 
Job designations in the IT and technology sector:
 
  • IT business analyst
  • Software programmer
  • Quality assurance tester
  • System analyst
  • Network engineer